Who cares? Kindergartens in the context of gender inequality


What is the significance of kindergartens for society? How do they affect the economic activity of young mothers? What are the working conditions and salaries of kindergarten workers? How should a network of preschools be developed to improve the situation of women and overcome gender inequality? The publication presents the results of a study of the problems of Ukrainian kindergartens from the perspective of both mothers and employees of the institutions.

The authors offer a vision of preschool reform and recommendations that would positively affect the development of children, improve the situation of kindergarten employees and mothers, as well as families with children.


Authors: Oksana Dutchak, Olena Strelnyk, Olena Tkalich

Translators: Olena Gulenok, Maria Kozak, Artem Chapeye

Design and layout: Iryna Stasiuk

With the support of Rosa Luxemburg Stiftung financed by the Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development of Germany. The contents of this publication are the sole responsibility of the Center for Social and Labor Studies and can in no way be taken to reflect the views of the Rosa Luxemburg Stiftung.

The study was conducted with the participation of Nina Potarska and Iryna Chorna.



Out of focus: kindergartens and the position of women in society


Preschool statistics

Kindergartens as seen by mothers

Kindergartens “from within”: working conditions and the position of kindergarten workers

The “good” kindergarten and reform of preschool education